The purpose of learning

What is learning? At its most basic level, learning is to construct meaning.

ConstructionWhat is the purpose of learning? Again, at the most basic level, the purpose of learning is to develop AND fully utilize the fundamental human intrapersonal virtues.

What is a virtue? A virtue is a qualitative ethical capability of moral excellence and true practical wisdom. To be virtuous, everything the learner does, must be ethical. Being ethical is doing the right thing irrespective if someone is looking over your shoulder or not.

Threat of lawThere are ten fundamental human virtues. They are, in hierarchical order:

  1. Self-confidence
  2. Motivation
  3. Initiative
  4. Effort
  5. Perseverance
  6. Common sense
  7. Responsibility
  8. Independence
  9. Joy
  10. Love

LearningALL human beings have the potential for these human virtues, and they need to be developed and utilized.

Storks nestAll humans, are born with a will. The will to do the right thing. To be ethical. That is the purpose of learning; to develop the fundamental human virtues.


There is a catch. Joy

You cannot do it for someone. You can only do it for yourself.

If you do not put the work in, you won’t get anything out. If you have self-confidence, you will become motivated. If you are motivated, you will take initiative. If you take the initiative, you will make an effort, to persevere, using common sense and a sense of responsibility to become independent, find joy in life and love.

CascadingSo how do we start this cascade? By setting a challenge for the student that is ABOVE their ability. Above their ability (the key), because that is where you want them to be. Life does not adapt and scale to your abilities. Life just is and life just challenges. When the learner solve the challenge, they will be self-confident.

I have done this.

The task of the teacher is to then set a next challenge, again above their ability. The self-confident student will be motivated to rise to the challenge.

I can do this.

The self-confident motivated student will take the initiative and find the next challenge to solve.

What else can I do?
From fundamental intra-personal virtues flow fundamental interpersonal virtues. These are:

  1. Humanisation
  2. Communication
  3. Dealing with feelings
  4. Justice and forgiveness
  5. Love
  6. Leadership

Our school system fails at the first step, and from there it is a cascade of fail. Stepping upA 30% pass rate, does not set the bar very high. It cannot even be said to be a shebeen. If your students aspire to a shebeen, how can you expect them to be confident and motivated to take the initiative and make an effort to persevere with common sense and responsibility to humanity to independently find joy in their work and love when they reach the stars?


It was the same, just different.

A common thread today on many forums are that things were better in the old days. Even many blacks say that things were better. That is a cherry picking argument. Yes, there are some people that are saying things were better. But on average, that is a complete untruth. You might have played with black kids on your farm, and they were happy, and well fed, and laughed and loved and sang in the evenings in their pandokkie. But. You got older. You moved on. You went to university. You went on a holiday by the sea. Lekker, hoor hoe blaf die haaie. You saved up. You moved somewhere else. You bought a house. You bought a car. You went to the movies and bought popcorn and coke. YOU DID NOT ASK PERMISSION. The kid you played with, grew up. Had to ask permission if they wanted to go to town. Had to ask permission if they wanted to go on holiday. Were not allowed to access credit to buy a car. Were not allowed to own a property. BUT they could in their homeland, I hear you ask? In the homeland was a tribal leader who decided how what and where. Like the kings of old that WE escaped from if we couldn’t chop their heads of. Were good enough to clean your house but not good enough to be seen on your street.

The system was just as corrupt. Just as unsustainable.

It was the same, just different.

Street Lapse


Time-lapse photography is a technique whereby film frames are captured at set intervals; and the frames then later viewed at a shorter interval than that in which they were taken. This creates an impression of motion. In standard time-lapse photography, subjects that change very slowly will suddenly acquire visible motion. Where the subject changes quickly, even more rapid activity will result. Clouds, the stars, plants, people and construction projects are popular and classic subjects of time-lapse techniques. Irrespective of the subject, the camera position is normally fixed in place for the full time that the time-lapse takes place.


Hyperlapse is a variation of time-lapse where the position of the camera is changed between each exposure interval. The camera is slowly mover through long distances. Subjects can be fixed or moving, but the camera view point is usually aimed at an exactly defined fixed point. The images are then aligned and merged to form a moving image.

Street photography

There are many definitions, opinions and discussions regarding what is and what is not street photography. Wikipedia has the rather high sounding line: Street photography is an art photography that features the human condition within public places and does not necessitate the presence of a street or even the urban environment. The subject of the photograph might be absent of people and can be object or environment where the image projects a decidedly human character in facsimile or aesthetic. It then goes on to try and define “aspects of the craft”.

Eric Kim has a much shorter, applied definition of the term. Using various examples of photographers seen as classic street photographers, he concludes that “street photography can really be shot anywhere as long as it is open to the public to enter and leave as they please.” He also feels that street photography does not need to have people in it.

Valerie Jardin gives a 12 easy steps how to approach street photography. She feels there are no official rules, just go out there and have fun. I tend to agree with the above two view points and see street photography as any photography by any means when you are out and about on the street.

The purpose of this is, however, not to debate what is and what is not street photography, but to define a combination of time-lapse, hyperlapse and street photography.


Since I first had access to a digital camera, I was doing a form of street photography. Being digital meant cost were relatively low. You could take chances and experiment. Mistakes was easy to review within a short period and adjust your technique accordingly.

Mother and child -- Seaquarium, Miami, Florida, USA. 26 Desember 2001

Mother and child -- Seaquarium, Miami, Florida, USA. 26 Desember 2001

I recently upgraded my cell phone and bought a Samsung Galaxy Note 2. Combined with an Otterbox that clips to your belt, a new opportunity for photography presented itself. Using a time-lapse app, I was able to set it up to automatically take photos at various intervals. I have no control over composition, framing, exposure, stability or any of the variables associated with photography. I term this street lapse photography. When I go out, I start the app, clip the phone to my belt, and leave it until I get back in the car, back to the house or return to my office. I often walk to work and back home again. Depending on the situation, the interval can be anything between 2 seconds to 30 seconds. If I find myself in a rich environment, the interval is made shorter.

Street Smart -- <p>
	Taken with a Samsung Galaxy Note 2, clipped to my belt and using a time-lapse app.&nbsp; I have no control over composition, framing, exposure, stability or any of the variables associated with photography. I term this <a href="">street lapse photography</a>.</p>

The results has been very satisfying. Valerie says, “Go out there and have fun!”, and I totally agree. At, Philip Greenspun describes the best thing about street photography as the serendipity. Interesting details are often missed by the photographer and is only seen when the image is finally viewed. The frozen moment can be studied at leasure. The unattended use of the time-lapse while you move around goes further. It brings back an element of the original film photography, where, although you had control over the variables, you often would not know what the results would be before the film is both full and developed.

One confession. Although I don’t pose the image, frame the shot and select exposure, I do sometimes pause slightly, turn a little and adjust the belt clip if the situation warrants it.

And at the end I am having fun doing so and enjoy later studying these bits of time frozen forever.